An incursion of FMD into a country that is normally free results in a very large economic impact.
The indirect costs associated with business interruptions and lost of export markets are often much larger than the direct costs of disease control.
The tool: Impact Calculator
The FMD Impact Calculator was developed by a team at the Royal Veterinary College* in collaboration with EuFMD.
It was created for the rapid assessment of the potential impact of an FMD outbreak in a previously FMD-free country.
It uses readily available data to estimate the direct costs of an outbreak:
- Country data
Animal population and production data
Data on the outbreak scenario and response
Data on staff and equipment needed to control the outbreak
A decision tree assists the user to analyze three different control strategies:
stamping out plus vaccination
A qualitative risk matrix is used to consider the likelihood and consequences of other impacts, namely political, trade, tourism and social.
*João Afonso, Theodore Knight-Jones, Nicholas Lyons, Jonathan Rushton.