Progressive Control Pathway for Foot-and-Mouth Disease
What is the Progressive Control Pathway?
The Progressive Control Pathway for Foot-and-Mouth Disease (PCP-FMD) developed by FAO and EuFMD and endorsed by the OIE, is a risk and evidence-based framework to guide endemic countries to progressively improve the management of FMD risks and reduce disease impacts and viral circulation. As countries advance through the PCP-FMD, the FMD risks are mitigated to the point where an application to the OIE for official recognition of freedom from FMD (with or without vaccination) may be successful and sustainable. The PCP-FMD is one of the core tools of the Global FMD Control Strategy, along with the OIE Performance of Veterinary Services Pathway (PVS).
The PCP-FMD recognizes that differences in risk of infection occur between (and within) infected countries, and that endemic countries are at different stages in managing the risk of infection. The PCP-FMD supports the implementation of risk-based approaches in which each country is encouraged to develop national risk reduction strategies, not only for the benefit of the country but also the region.
The PCP-FMD consists of two distinct domains: (i) a Global Framework for the Progressive Control of Transboundary Animal Diseases (GF-TADs) pathway from Stage 0 up to and including Stage 3 and (ii) an OIE pathway beyond Stage 3.
A risk-based approach
The PCP-FMD is not intended to be compulsory or prescriptive; rather it is outcome-oriented and acknowledges that the most effective approach to achieve the key outcomes might be different in different countries and regions. It is also recognized that priorities will vary across countries, and therefore there is flexibility built into the PCP-FMD. Within the lower stages, countries may choose to focus control measures on certain production system(s) and/or specific geographic area(s), and throughout the PCP-FMD each country can decide how quickly and how far it progresses. To learn more about the PCP-FMD principles, please consult the PCP-FMD guidelines.
The Risk Assessment Plan (RAP)
The Risk Assessment Plan (RAP) describes how the country intends to embark on the PCP-FMD and gain an understanding of the epidemiology of FMD in the country. Ultimately, the country will use that understanding to develop a risk-based plan to reduce the impact of FMD (Risk-Based Strategic Plan). Completion of the RAP is the indicator outcome for entry into PCP-FMD Stage 1, as defined in the PCP-FMD guidelines. A RAP template including guiding notes is available on the GF-TADS page.
The Risk-Based Strategic Plan (RBSP)
The Risk-Based Strategic Plan (RBSP) describes how the country intends to reduce the impact of FMD in at least one husbandry sector. It applies the outputs and knowledge gained through the implementation of the activities outlined in the RAP. Completion of the RBSP is the indicator outcome for entry into PCP-FMD Stage 2, as defined in the PCP-FMD guidelines. An RBSP template including guiding notes is available on the GF-TADS page. There is an open-access online course.
The Official Control Programme (OCP)
The Official Control Programme (OCP) describes how the country intends to eliminate FMD virus circulation in the domestic animal population in at least one zone of the country. It uses the knowledge and outputs gained through the implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the activities outlined in the RBSP.
Completion of the OCP is the indicator outcome for entry into PCP-FMD Stage 3, as defined in the PCP-FMD guidelines.
An OCP template including guiding notes is available in English and French (and soon in Russian), on the right of this page.